3.3. Creating a Version

Changed in version 3.0.0: The former VersionInfo class has been renamed to Version.

The preferred way to create a new version is with the class Version.

Note

In the previous major release semver 2 it was possible to create a version with module level functions. However, module level functions are marked as deprecated since version 2.x.y now. These functions will be removed. For details, see the sections Replacing Deprecated Functions and Displaying Deprecation Warnings.

A Version instance can be created in different ways:

  • From a Unicode string:

    >>> from semver.version import Version
    >>> Version.parse("3.4.5-pre.2+build.4")
    Version(major=3, minor=4, patch=5, prerelease='pre.2', build='build.4')
    >>> Version.parse(u"5.3.1")
    Version(major=5, minor=3, patch=1, prerelease=None, build=None)
    
  • From a byte string:

    >>> Version.parse(b"2.3.4")
    Version(major=2, minor=3, patch=4, prerelease=None, build=None)
    
  • From individual parts by a dictionary:

    >>> d = {'major': 3, 'minor': 4, 'patch': 5,  'prerelease': 'pre.2', 'build': 'build.4'}
    >>> Version(**d)
    Version(major=3, minor=4, patch=5, prerelease='pre.2', build='build.4')
    

    Keep in mind, the major, minor, patch parts has to be positive integers or strings:

    >>> d = {'major': -3, 'minor': 4, 'patch': 5,  'prerelease': 'pre.2', 'build': 'build.4'}
    >>> Version(**d)
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
    ValueError: 'major' is negative. A version can only be positive.
    

    As a minimum requirement, your dictionary needs at least the major key, others can be omitted. You get a TypeError if your dictionary contains invalid keys. Only the keys major, minor, patch, prerelease, and build are allowed.

  • From a tuple:

    >>> t = (3, 5, 6)
    >>> Version(*t)
    Version(major=3, minor=5, patch=6, prerelease=None, build=None)
    

    You can pass either an integer or a string for major, minor, or patch:

    >>> Version("3", "5", 6)
    Version(major=3, minor=5, patch=6, prerelease=None, build=None)
    

The old, deprecated module level functions are still available but using them are discoraged. They are available to convert old code to semver3.

If you need them, they return different builtin objects (string and dictionary). Keep in mind, once you have converted a version into a string or dictionary, it’s an ordinary builtin object. It’s not a special version object like the Version class anymore.

Depending on your use case, the following methods are available:

  • From individual version parts into a string

    In some cases you only need a string from your version data:

    >>> semver.format_version(3, 4, 5, 'pre.2', 'build.4')
    '3.4.5-pre.2+build.4'
    
  • From a string into a dictionary

    To access individual parts, you can use the function semver.parse():

    >>> semver.parse("3.4.5-pre.2+build.4")
    OrderedDict([('major', 3), ('minor', 4), ('patch', 5), ('prerelease', 'pre.2'), ('build', 'build.4')])
    

    If you pass an invalid version string you will get a ValueError:

    >>> semver.parse("1.2")
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
    ValueError: 1.2 is not valid SemVer string